Treatment for opioid dependence
Drugs such as OxyContin, Heroin, methadone, codeine, and hydrocodone are some of the examples of opioids. Opioids include all illicit and prescription medications that are opium based. Getting addicted to such drugs can be very easy but withdrawing from them can be very hard. Opioid dependence is a treatable medical condition that requires professional management as an individual may not be able to manage on their own.
However, it is neither an overnight task nor typically stopping drug use. In fact, the causes of opioid dependence cannot be corrected on the spot. It can take or even years based on an individual. Treatment for opioid dependence falls into two categories i.e. medication-assisted and detoxification where counseling is employed with no medicine administered.
Methods of treatment for opioid dependence
It is the widely used method of detoxification that does not involve the use of medication. Though it is considered the least efficient way, it is efficient when combined with other options. In most cases, it is administered as the first treatment option for most long-term abstinence and maintenance treatment. During the detoxification process, an individual is taken through a difficult medical supervision as they stop using the drugs.
Some of the common withdrawal effects are running nose and eyes, vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache and body aches among others. The individual is taken through a 12-step counseling procedure. Due to withdrawal from the use of drugs, the personal experiences imbalance of the brain. Therefore, a majority of the people experience a relapse during the process. Intensive counseling and support combined with detoxification make it an effective treatment technique.
In this method, different drugs are used. Such drugs include Naltrexone, Methadone, and Buprenorphine. Naltrexone is injectable and can help block the effects of opioid. It is injected into the muscles once per month. However, it does not correct brain chemical imbalance due to addiction. Naltrexone is quite safe and does not result in any undesirable side effects.
Buprenorphine is taken once a day and is considered a medical replacement therapy. It is an opioid medication and corrects brain imbalance. Therefore, it is an appropriate medication in curbing addiction to opium drugs. Specialized personnel is required to do the buprenorphine treatment.
Often referred to as gold-standard, methadone works in a similar way as buprenorphine. Methadone treatment is provided only in specialized clinics.
Opioid addiction can be easy to treat if done by a specialized person. It only deals with controlling the symptoms and focusing on behavior changes. It is based on the condition and the type of option an individual will prefers.